Cloudy or blurry vision
Cataract can cause vision problems such as blurred vision, glare or halos around lights, and difficulty seeing at night. Cataract surgery involves removing the clouded lens and replacing it with an artificial lens called an intraocular lens.
There are two main types of cataract surgery extracapsular surgery and intracapsular surgery. Extracapsular surgery, which is the more commonly performed of the two, involves removing the cloudy center of the lens through a small incision. Intracapsular surgery involves removing the entire lens and is rarely used nowadays.
Cataract surgery can be performed using traditional methods or using a laser. Laser-assisted cataract surgery, also known as femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery, uses a laser to make some of the incisions and perform other tasks during the procedure. This can be more precise than traditional methods and can lead to faster healing and better visual outcomes for the patient. However, not all patients are suitable for laser-assisted cataract surgery, and the decision to use a laser is usually based on the individual needs and preferences of the patient and the professional opinion of the specialist.
During the procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the eye using specialized instruments to remove the clouded lens. The practitioner may, at his or her discretion, use ultrasonic waves to break the lens into smaller pieces for easier removal. After removing the cloudy lens, the intraocular lens is inserted into the eye. Different types of IOL are available, including monofocal, multifocal, and toric. The type of intraocular lens chosen depends on the individual needs of the patient, the visual goals he wishes to achieve, attack and also on the opinion of an eye specialist.
Suitable patients for cataract surgery include individuals who have blurred vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses, have glare or halos around lights, especially at night, have difficulty seeing when reading or watching television, as well as in cases where they often have to change prescriptions for glasses or contact lenses. It is important to note that cataract surgery is generally not recommended for people with certain medical conditions such as uncontrolled diabetes, autoimmune diseases, or a history of uveitis (inflammation of the middle layer of the eye).
Cataract surgery is generally very safe and has a high success rate. Most patients experience a significant improvement in their vision after the procedure. However, as with any surgery, there are risks, including the possibility of infection, bleeding, and problems with the intraocular lens. It is important to discuss these risks with a doctor before deciding to undergo the procedure, as well as for the selection of the most appropriate method of implementation.
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