Liposuction is a cosmetic procedure that removes fats that you cannot get rid of through diet and exercise. Liposuction is suitable for both women and men.
A plastic or dermatological surgeon usually performs the procedure on the thighs, abdomen, buttocks, back, arms or face to improve their shape. Liposuction can also be performed with other plastic surgeries, including facelift, breast reduction and abdominal tightening.
Liposuction is a surgical procedure and comes with the risks. Therefore, you must be in good health before you undergo. This means that you must at least:
- Be within 30% of your ideal weight;
- Have healthy and supple skin, and
- To want change.
Doctors do not recommend the procedure if you have health problems with the circulatory system or have heart disease, diabetes or a weak immune system.
The first step is to consult your surgeon. Talk about your goals, opportunities, risks, benefits and of course the costs, keeping in mind that the lowest price is not always the best. Ask all your questions.
If you decide to have liposuction, your surgeon will give you instructions on how to prepare for it. These may include dietary restrictions and alcohol restriction.
Tell your surgeon about any allergies you have and any medications you are taking, including over-the-counter, as well as herbal and nutritional supplements. He or she will probably recommend that you stop taking certain medicines, such as blood thinners and some painkillers, a few weeks before the procedure.
Liposuction can be performed in a doctor’s office or in a surgical center. Make sure the place where you do it is accredited and known for its professional standards, safety, hygiene and good results.
You will return home the same day after the procedure. Make sure someone takes you home after that. (If you need to remove a lot of fat, you will have to perform the operation in a hospital, where you can stay overnight).
Before starting liposuction, your doctor may mark the areas of your body that will undergo the procedure. He can also take pictures to use for comparisons later before and after the procedure.
You will then receive general anesthesia – which means that you will not be awake during the procedure or local anesthesia – which means that you will be awake but will not feel any pain.
Types of liposuction
There are only a few different liposuction techniques. But all they have in common is the use of a thin tube called a vacuum-connected cannula to suck the fat out of your body.
Tumscent liposuction is the most common technique. Your surgeon injects a sterile solution into the area where the fat is to be removed. It consists of saline – which is salt water – along with lidocaine and epinephrine. The solution facilitates the absorption of fat with less blood loss and pain.
Ultrasonic liposuction, or UAL, uses energy from sound waves under your skin to break down the cell walls of fat. This liquefies the fat so that it can be sucked out.
Laser liposuction, or SmartLipo, uses a laser to produce a surge of energy to liquefy fat.
You may not need to stay in the hospital depending on the type of surgery you have had. But you should expect bruising, swelling and soreness for at least a few weeks after that.
Your surgeon may require you to wear a tight-fitting garment (tightening corset) for 1 to 2 months after surgery to control swelling.
You will probably also be prescribed some antibiotics to prevent infection. Most people can return to work within a few days and return to normal activities within 2 weeks. But keep in mind that each person is different and the recovery periods are individual.
Ask your plastic surgeon the following specific questions about what your recovery:
- What medications will you need to take?
- Will it be necessary to wear bandages?
- Will there be stitches and when will they be removed?
- When will you be able to exercise physically?
- Do you have to come for an examination and when?
- What are the risks and what can you expect?
Cosmetic surgery, liposuction is still an operation, so there are some risks. You can help reduce them by making sure that it is performed only by a specially trained, certified cosmetic surgeon in a proven and internationally recognized and certified clinic with which qTherapy partners.
There are several possible risks directly related to liposuction that you need to consider:
- Complications of anaesthesia;
- Shock (usually from lack of enough fluid during surgery);
- Accumulation of fluid (pockets of fluid forming under the skin);
- Infections (streptococcus, staphylococcus);
- Fat embolism (when tiny pieces of fat come off and block blood flow);
- Burns from surgical instruments;
- Uneven fat removal;
- Reactions to lidocaine;
- Change in the feeling of the skin;
- Damage to nerves, blood vessels, muscles, lungs and abdominal organs.
Another possible risk is a blood clot in your deep veins. Clots can be very dangerous if they move to other parts of your body, such as the lungs.
Are the results permanent?
Fat cells are permanently removed during liposuction. But you can gain weight back with new fat cells that usually go to different areas of your body, so after going through the recovery period it is good to consult your surgeon again, and then consult a fitness instructor. and to a nutritionist.
To maintain your new shape after surgery, follow a diet that includes lots of lean protein, fruits and vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products. And exercise regularly.
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