Liver transplantation is the only treatment for chronic liver failure. This means that the diseased liver is replaced by a healthy liver. Cirrhosis is the most common group of liver diseases in the world that requires a liver transplant. This is followed by congenital diseases and some liver tumors.
Important criteria for liver transplantation
For a liver transplant, the patient’s and the donor’s blood type must be compatible, after which the examination of the donor candidate can begin. This process involves performing a variety of social, psychological and medical examinations and assessments. The medical assessment is a series of blood and urine tests, examinations of infectious diseases, radiological examinations and consultations with other medical units (such as cardiology, chest diseases, etc.). Factors such as the amount of liver the patient needs, the general health of the donor candidate, the ability to properly divide the liver, and the structure of the bile ducts, which play an important role in the ability to perform the the surgical intervention of both the patient and the donor candidate.
Should liver transplant patients use drugs throughout their lives?
As with all organ transplant patients, patients undergoing liver transplantation should use medicines throughout their lives to suppress their immune system. This is the most important condition for the success of the treatment. If drugs are not used, the immune system begins to reject the transplanted foreign organ, which can result in the loss of the organ or even the life of the recipient.
Life after liver transplantation
The purpose of liver transplantation is to return a person to a normal, active and productive life. The goal is to return both the patient and the donor to the levels before the operation – surgery. Liver transplants performed in the hospitals we work with have a higher success rate than internationally recognized success rates.