Microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure that is used to treat a herniated disc in the spine. Main complaints that may lead to a recommendation for a microdiscectomy include severe and persistent pain in the lower back, pain that radiates down the leg, weakness, numbness, or pain down the leg.
A herniated disc occurs when the soft material inside the disc protrudes through a crack in the harder outer layer. The soft material can put pressure on nearby nerve roots, which can cause both pain and other symptoms. Microdiscectomy is performed to remove the herniated part of the disc and relieve the pressure on the nerve roots.
This procedure is usually recommended for patients who have tried non-surgical treatments such as physical therapy, rehabilitation, and other types of therapy, medication, and prolonged rest for pain relief but have not found relief. The best candidates for this procedure are those with a herniated disc that causes significant nerve root compression and associated symptoms. Recommended. Before consulting a specialist, do a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the affected area.
The operation is usually performed under general anaesthesia and usually takes between 45 minutes and 1 hour. A small incision is made in the lower back and a microscope is used to visualize the affected area of the spine. The herniated disc is then removed using specialized instruments. The incision is then closed, and a bandage is applied.
After the procedure, patients usually stay in the hospital for one or two days to recover. Physical therapy is usually recommended to help patients regain strength and mobility. Most patients can return to normal activities within 4-6 weeks, but it may take several months to realize the full benefits of the surgery. With the advancement of medicine, a return to the patient's normal life is often observed after a few days, but this can only be said by the specialist who undertakes to perform the procedure.
It is important to note that while microdiscectomy is a safe and effective procedure, as with any surgery, there are risks and potential complications that should be discussed with your surgeon before proceeding with it.
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