Robotic surgery, also known as the robot -assisted surgery, is a modern surgical technique that uses advanced robotic systems to help surgeons perform complex surgical procedures with improved accuracy and safety. The robotic surgical system is made up of many components, including a surgical console, robotic shoulders and a high -resolution 3D camera that allow a minimally invasive approach to surgery.
The first robotic surgical system was introduced in 1985 and since then technological progress has revolutionized the area of operation. In robotic surgery, the surgeon operates from a console that provides 3D view with high resolution at the surgical site. The console is equipped with two main controllers that allow the surgeon to control the robotic arms that are located near the patient. Robotic shoulders are equipped with surgical instruments, such as scissors and pinches, which are controlled by the movements of the hands of the surgeon.
One of the main advantages of robotic surgery is that it allows a minimally invasive approach to surgery. This means that surgical incisions are smaller than those needed in traditional open surgery, leading to less pain, scars, and blood loss. In addition, the robotic system provides the surgeon with improved accuracy and precision, which allows more complex procedures to be performed.
Robotic surgery is used in a wide range of surgical specialties, including urology, gynaecology, cardiology, and general surgery. In urology, robotic surgery has become a standard for prostatectomy care, which is surgical removal of the prostate gland. Gynaecology uses robotic surgery for procedures such as hysterectomy, myomectomy, and excision of endometriosis. Cardiology uses robotic surgery for procedures such as restoration of the mitral valve and grafting of coronary artery bypass. In general, robotic surgery is used for procedures such as cholecystectomy, hernia surgery and colorectal surgery.
One of the main advantages of robotic surgery is the reduced risk of complications. The robotic system provides the surgeon with enhanced visualization of the surgical site, which allows a more accurate and precise approach to surgery. In addition, the robotic system provides the surgeon with greater control over surgery, reducing the risk of accidental damage to the surrounding tissues and organs.
Another advantage of robotic surgery is the shorter recovery time. Because the incisions are smaller, patients experience less pain and scars and are able to return to their normal activities faster. In addition, robotic surgery reduces the risk of postoperative infections as the incisions are smaller and less invasive.
Despite the many benefits of robotic surgery, there are also some potential risks and disadvantages. One of the main problems with robotic surgery is the high cost of technology. The robotic surgical system is expensive to buy and maintain, which can increase the cost of the surgical procedure.
Another concern from robotic surgery is the potential for technical malfunctions. Although rare, technical malfunctions can occur during surgery, which can lead to delays or even cancellation of the procedure. In addition, there is a risk of injury to the patient if the robotic system is damaged during surgery.
Finally, some critics claim that robotic surgery may not be better than traditional open surgery or laparoscopic surgery and that the benefits of robotic surgery can be overestimated. Some studies have shown that robotic surgery does not provide significant benefits from traditional surgery regarding patient results and that the cost of technology may not be justified.
In conclusion, robotic surgery is a modern surgical technique that revolutionizes the field of surgery. The robotic system provides the surgeon with increased accuracy, precision, and visualization, which allows a minimally invasive approach to surgery with a reduced risk of complications and shorter recovery terms. Robotic surgery is used in a wide range of surgical specialties, including urology, gynaecology, cardiology and general surgery and has become the standard of care for many procedures.
However, there are also potential risks and shortcomings associated with robotic surgery, including the high cost of technology and the lack of well -trained specialists to work with it.
The most commonly used robotic operations include:
Robotic prostatectomy: This is the most commonly performed robotic surgery and involves surgical removal of the prostate gland. Robotic prostatectomy is considered to be a gold standard treatment for localized prostate cancer.
Robotically aided hysterectomy: This procedure involves surgical removal of the uterus and is used to treat various gynaecological conditions such as fibroids, endometriosis and cancer.
Robotically aided colorectal surgery: This procedure involves surgical removal of part of the colon or rectum and is used to treat various colorectal conditions such as cancer and inflammatory bowel disease.
Robotic cardiac surgery: This procedure involves the restoration or replacement of cardiac valves or surgical treatment of coronary disease of the artery. Robotic cardiac surgery is a minimally invasive alternative to traditional outdoor heart surgery.
Robot hernia surgery: This procedure involves surgical hernia repair, which is a bulge or convexity of tissue through a weak spot in the abdominal wall. Hernia repair by robot surgery is a minimally invasive alternative to traditional open surgery.
Robotic aid cholecystectomy: This procedure involves surgical removal of the gall bladder and is used to treat various conditions of the gallbladder, such as gallstones and inflammation.
In general, robotic surgery is increasingly used for various surgical procedures because of its many benefits, including reduced pain, scars, and recovery time, as well as improved accuracy and precision. As the technology continues to progress, robotic surgery is likely to become even more widely used in the future.